Natural gas has the major role in acquiring the country’s clean energy for today and the coming years. America has the huge reserves of this gas as the outcome of the modern hydraulic fracturing and the horizontal drilling. The result is the larger access to gas through shale formations. Gas resources in U.S. offer significant benefits on environment, economy, and energy security.
Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) works hand-in-hand with the states to guarantee that the extraction of natural gas will not affect the environment and health condition of the people. EPA gives more focus on the law obligations that provide direction, oversight, and suitable care for the air, land, and water. The place where Americans play, work, and live is given suitable gas protection.
The agency is consistently improving the activities on hydraulic fracturing. It gives governing clarity directly related to the existing law. It also uses authorities to accurately work on the ecological and health safeguards of the people.
Regulatory Clarity & Security against Possible Dangers
There is a required study on the technical understanding and on the other issues related to the natural gas and removal of shale gas. Presently, the hydraulic fracturing process is already known. The operation can have some possible impacts to our natural environment. They can create the following:
- Burden on the ground and surface water supplies coming from the big water volumes used in hydraulic fracturing.
- Uncleanness of the underground foundation of surface water and drinking water due to defective well construction, spillage, or any other cause.
- Different effects from releasing to the surface water or from removal to the underground well injection.
- Air pollution coming from the emission of greenhouses gas, air pollutants, and organic compounds.
Steps to Minimising the Effects
Since the development of the natural gas quickly increases in different places, necessary steps in minimising the effects are important. EPA does the following:
- The use of hydraulic fracturing with diesel is allowed as it should be. The elements of safe drinking have requirements for the right well siting, operation, and construction to reduce the possible water risks. Hydraulic fracturing is not included, except when there is use of diesel for oil and gas production.
- Making sure the removal of storm water and wastewater is done from activities that involve hydraulic fracturing. While the shale gas wells continue to increase in America, the amount of shale gas wastewater for disposal also increases. It can contain metals, fluid additives, melted solids, and radioactive materials. Partnering with the states, EPA makes inspection of the various disposal procedures used by the industry. It confirms that regulatory frame works are present to give secured disposal of water.
Environmental Protection Agency has the approving guidance for activities on hydraulic fracturing. It describes the usefulness in allowing underground gas injection and oil hydraulic fracturing. EPA’s objective is to implement compliance and to reinforce the security of the environment along with the present law.